First Issues

 Cameroon, 1987
agnetic cards supplied by Swiss Autelca have been in use up to 1990. There were three values, 1500 F (50,000 issued), 3000 F (30,000), and 5000 F (15,000). A new series of definitives appeared later, with high printing; even if similar to the first ones, they had several differences. Then, in 1990, magnetic cards were discontinued and chip cards adopted.
 Egypt, 1985
gypt is actually using magnetic cards supplied by Japanese Tamura, but up to 1991 the magstripe cards by Italian Urmet were in use.
The cards were of thin plastic-coated paper-board, and the first one, of which only 500 were printed, had a red arrow on it and it is now very rare indeed. Later on, the arrow became green and several similar definitives were issued. More recently, there have been some trials with optical and chip cards.
 Ghana, 1988
he first two optical cards at left have been reprinted several times during the years, and different reprints can be distinguished by control number on back (see feature on Landis & Gyr); but the real first card issued, the blue 60 units card, is easy to recognize as it had printed for mistake the words Adwin asa instead than Adwen asa. Some months later, the same card was reprinted with correct wordings, and the values of 120 and 240 units were added. The 240 units card was printed only that time with a mintage of just 10,000 and is now very hard to get. In 1994, Ghana P&T adopted a telephone system based on chip cards, which is still in use.
 Equatorial Guinea, 1991
hip cards were introduced in 1991 and are still in use. The first card was a plain white definitive, with chip in AFNOR position and face value indicated in local value, while following issues had the value in units.
 Guinea, 1992
alled also Guinea Conakry to avoid confusion with Equatorial Guinea and Guinea-Bissau, this Country had its map printed on chip cards introduced in 1992. These cards are quite common, as several reprints have been made; but the first issues are distinguishable as they had a Bank advertising on back.
 Liberia, 1995
he first and, up to now, the only cards issued in Liberia have been this set supplied by Urmet.
There were five values: 10 units (30,000 printed), 25 units (30,000), 50 units (15,000), 100 units (15,000) and 200 units (15,000). All are very hard to get due to the civil war.
 Mali, 1989
e have seen for a long period the plain white chip definitives in use in Mali, and now the pictorial ones; but before 1994, optical cards supplied by Landis & Gyr were in use. The first set of definitives (30, 60, and 120 units) were without notch, but then they were reprinted as notched cards.
 Nigeria, 1985
ctually chip cards are in use in this african Country, but before 1994 there were magnetic cards supplied by swiss Autelca. During the first period, standard test cards were used, but these are distinguishable by their control numbers which have no prefix. There are two values, 20 and 40 Naira, the values being indicated by the first two numerals on the control.
 São Tomé & Principe, 1991
his small Country, formed by the S.Tomé and Principe islands, is located in the Guinea Gulf, crossed by the Equator. The local telecommunications company began operating in 1990 and issued the first phonecard one year later: 5,000 optical cards produced by Landis & Gyr have been issued, with a face value of over $50. Actually just 5 cardphones exist in the Country, all located in the capital.
 Sierra Leone, 1990
he first cards used in this country had been a set of three values used for tests, 10, 25 and 50 units, 1,000 of each printed, but there are two different printings so a total of 6,000 cards were manufactured. The cards were reprinted some months later for general use, with a different design.
 Tchad, 1988
ptical cards, only definitive with three values (30, 60 and 120 units), were supplied to Tchad by Landis & Gyr. The first issues were without notch while later on they were reprinted notched. Later on, in 1991, optical system was withdrawn and chip card phones installed.
 Tunisia, 1983
andis & Gyr cards have been in use in Tunisia since 1983 and for several years only basic red cards were issued, with three values: 10 units, 20 units, and 50 units. The cards are without notch, color-coated type.
More recently, in 1994, Urmet magnetic cards have been introduced and are in use; and finally, chip cards are actually on trial.

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