First Issues
South America

 Argentina, 1991
he first phonecards which have been used in Argentina were issued by Telefónica de Argentina and produced by Italian firm Urmet. They were two cards with face value of 100 and 200 units as the only difference between them, and 5,000 each had been printed and used on a trial basis in the Argentine Congress Building. Some months later, the other telephone company, Telecom Argentina, issued its own phonecards.
 Aruba, 1989
ruba was previously part of what used to be called the Netherlands Antilles but is now politically independent. The telephone company, called SETAR, issued cards manufactured by Landis & Gyr from 1989 to 1997, when they switched to chip cards technology. The first issue of optical cards was a set with 5 values, some of which were reprinted later.
 Bolivia, 1991
olivia started issuing cards produced by japanese Tamura, the first one on the occasion of the 25th Anniversary of Entel, the local telecommunications company. Later on, other technologies were tried and actually Urmet cards are in use.
 Bonaire, 1987
ocated off the coast of Venezuela, Bonaire is one of the five main islands forming the Netherlands Antilles. Optical cards were manufactured by Landis & Gyr for Telecommunication Netherlands Antilles for trials carried out in 1987 so each island had its own cards. Two values were produced for Bonaire, 60 and 120 units, each one with a printing of just 1,000, and codes on back beginning with 709B and 709G. Following the trial, the cardphone service was introduced only in 1992.
 Colombia, 1991
hip cards are actually in use in Colombia but magnetic cards supplied by japanese Tamura have been used for several years. First cards are a beautiful set of three, face values $ 3.000 (Capitolio Nacional), $ 5.000 (Cartagena), and $ 10.000 (San Agustin), the higher value being the hardest to get, all showing colombian touristic sites.
 Curaçao, 1991
uraçao is one of the five Netherlands Antilles islands, located off the coast of Venezuela near Bonaire. Without any previous trial, optical cards system by Landis & Gyr was introduced in 1991. Two values were printed, 40+5 units and 100+5 units: both were reprinted in 1992, when a third value, 200+40 units, was added to the set. Further reprints followed later.
 Uruguay, 1988
agnetic cards supplied by Tamura have been used in Uruguay for several years. The first public cards have been a set of 5 pictorials, and the same set have been reprinted several times. But the first issues can be easily recognized for the black bars on front side, at bottom left of each card. Further issues had the bars printed on back. Recently, chip cards have been introduced and are actually in use.
 Venezuela, 1984
hip cards from Venezuela are easy to get and issued in great quantities. But not all know that the first card used in this Country has been a magnetic one, manufactured by Italian SIDA and issued on the occasion of the Papal visit. There had been two different printings of 1,000 each, being the magstripe height the only difference (13,5 mm and 15 mm). During the same period some Tamura cards were issued, and finally this system was adopted by C.A.N.T.V.
The first Tamura regular issue is shown here, and is part of a set of 5 values (20, 50, 100, 200, 400 units) issued in 1986, with bars on front. The set was reprinted one year later, but 500 units value took the place of 20 units, and bars were on back this time. Chip cards have been introduced in 1989.

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