Northern Cyprus, 1992

Northern Cyprus, officially the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (in Turkish Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti, in the KKTC abbreviation), is a self-proclaimed republic not recognized by the international community that extends in the northern part…

Poland, 1991

After testing different systems, such as Landis & Gyr, GPT, Alcatel, the magnetic card system proposed by Urmet was adopted, which was then used for several years, even if, after the first supplies of the…

Portugal, 1982

The first Portuguese telephone cards date back to 1982: in those years, two companies provided the public telephone service in Portugal: the TLP (Telefones de Lisboa and Porto), active in the cities of Lisbon and…

Romania, 1991

Chip-type cards were introduced in Romania as early as 1991, and the first of these, with a circulation of only 1,000 copies, was used during a field trial in Bucharest. The first large series of…

Russia, 1991

Following the disintegration of the USSR, officialized on December 26, 1991, the Comstar company, which already provided telephone cards and services to the Soviet Union, continued to issue GPT magnetic cards for the new Russian…

San Marino, 1994

The small state located in central Italy issued the first telephone cards by Telefonia Sammarinese in 1994. It was a set of three Urmet cards, like those used in Italy, with the small corner to…

Serbia, 1997

After the dissolution of Yugoslavia, the Republic of Serbia had joined Montenegro forming the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, a name that in 2003 became the Union of Serbia and Montenegro. Following the referendum of 21…

Slovakia, 1993

Following the separation from the Czech Republic, on January 1, 1993, Slovakia began issuing its telephone cards, the first of which in the same month; it was a 50-unit card with a circulation of 20,000…

Spain, 1981

The prepaid public telephone system began in Spain in 1981, using the Landis & Gyr optical technology cards. The first two cards produced had both a scale of 120 units, but the cost per unit…

Switzerland, 1982

The small country in the heart of old Europe has used the Landis & Gyr optical system for over 15 years, before moving on to chip cards. The first card produced was a definitive of…