Ukraine, 1994

Ukraine became an independent nation in 1991, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, of which it was previously a republic. In that year, in the city of Yalta two Ascom Autelca magnetic cards were…

USSR (Soviet Union), 1988

The first telephone card used in the Soviet Union was a magnetic test card provided by GPT to Comstar in 1988, which was used to demonstrate the functioning of the card telephone through communications between…

Vatican City, 1992

The Vatican City State, born in 1929, is the smallest sovereign state in the world, both by population and by territorial extension. The first telephone card was produced by Urmet and issued in 1992 with…

Yugoslavia, 1989

The first trials of a card-based telephone system began in 1985, using magnetic cards supplied by the Swiss Autelca. The cards were the standard testcards, with the codes formed by the letter "D" followed by…